Supplier of: skin actives, cosmetic ingredients, cosmeceuticals, active ingredients, and skin care ingredients, for DIY skin care and cosmetics, and homemade skin care products.
Reviews
Im 45 years old; average looking skin for my age. Applied a small pea sized amount of Sea Kelp Bioferment to my face full strength in the am after washing my face of previous night makeup.; let face "dry". Then aplied my foundation as always. Noticed my thick, heavy foundation applied more easily and smooth. Keep in mind this is DAY TWO of me using this. TWO women at work ( separate departments) commented how wonderful my face looked! One specifically came up to me and asked what I was.. ...»
Jessie Sandford
Many thanks for the Silicone DM. This product is lovely quality; it is light, silky, and leaves no residue at all. I use it in the base recipe for a mouldable polymer that I then use to make a simulated 'Amber' for bead making. At the end of this process I have a silky, translucent polymer plus the most gorgeous hands in the studio ! My thanks again, Helen.. ...»
HELEN pEAKE
I am following the moisturizing cream + Zinc dispersion recipe and I am extremely satisfied. I do allow for a little time for it to absorb in & then I dab off anything that I feel looks a little white - but that's because I initially use a fairly thick coating on myself. I use a bit of foundation at times on top and there are no issues as far as weird colors or texture issues. I am so grateful for this entire website as a one-stop-shop for such effective skin care products, and now we can.. ...»
Peggy
I just placed my first order for SEaKelp Bioferment from Bulk Actives and was pleased to receive it very quickly.. ...»
Viki
I have a blind faith of this Pre Liposome Microemulsion, especially it is made in Japan & of Squalane & Lecithin which I am fond of. I mixed it with Palmitoyl oligopeptide and palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 peptides liposome emulsion & some other water actives like Glucosamine, Niacinamide, Glutathione etc and the serum was very smooth and moisturizing. As it claims, it penetrates into the skin very well. I will mix it with oil soluble actives in my next batch. .. ...»
RRR
This is an excellent additive for increased absorption into the skin. I personally incorporate it with the ceramide lamellar crystal emulsion and multi lamellar base cream V2. The final product delivers a soothing, calming, super moisturizing liquid that penetrates the skin and helps the healing of severe skin issues such as mine (ichthyosis, keratosis). I highly recommend this formulation for those who are not getting any relief from other products and prescription topicals. My skin is finally .. ...»
Nora
I am very happy with my purchase of SKB from BulkActives. Good quality and packaged well. I use SKB in my Vitamin C serum. Will buy from them again. Can't beat the price either! .. ...»
DBallings
Excellent cold emulsifier. Easy to use and a little goes a long way. Gives product a soft luxurious feel excellent for high end personal skin care products. Wish it came in a larger size..... ...»
Angela
Very easy to use. I like it as a thickener for ready emulsion if it is too liquid. Using it as a single emulsifier keep in mind to add less actives... ...»
Nat
I have been a regular customer of BulkActives SeaKelp. I've used it for years after washing my hair. I put a little in my hair and it makes it comb out tangles extremely easy. My hair is about to my midback. My hair is what I would call in pristine condition I think because of this. My hair is dyed so it's not like it is virgin hair. I also blow dry on occasion and use a straightener daily. This is my holy grail and hair products. I believe it keeps my hair "young". Their SeaK.. ...»
Carol P
Secure Payments
Orders Securely Processed Through PayPal
PayPal
 Visa  Mastercard  Discover  American Express
 

SSL Certificate

As Featured On EzineArticles

Google+

 

 

 

Important Stuff

 PLEASE read:

All customers (especially customers from CANADA & the AFRICAN continent), BEFORE ordering please read the FAQ and Delivery Info pages!

Wrong addresses

We take NO responsibility for delivery issues caused by customers entering the wrong address

Delivery

BulkActives is a part-time business. Orders are processed on Saturdays and mailed on Mondays at the latest. (TimeZone Order Deadline Chart)

What we sell

We sell  COSMETIC RAW MATERIALS, which are meant to be used at an appropriate percentage in a cosmetic formulation of your devising. Please do not order our products unless you know how to formulate creams and lotions with it!  

Forgotten your password? Not receiving lost password emails? Can't create an account?

NO PROBLEM!  Just email me, and I will sort it all out.

Not receiving order status email updates?

Please check your JUNK mail folder for our emails, and mark them as NOT SPAM.

Failing to do so will result in NOT receiving ANY transaction / order status email updates.

Recipe % calculator

Download our SIMPLE RECIPE CALCULATOR (MS Excel)

Newsletter
* E-mail Address:
* Name:
Recent Articles

Antioxidants for sun damage protection (photoprotection)

How the skin naturally protects itself and the advantages of topical antioxidants for photoprotection The...

Read article


Ascorbyl Glucoside in Skin Care (AA2G, stable Vitamin C)

Ascorbyl Glucoside or AA2G is a derivative of vitamin C that has been biochemically modified to make...

Read article


Anhydrous C for skin care: L-ascorbic in silicone

Anhydrous C for skin care: absorption of L-ascorbic in a silicone base Anhydrous C is a skin care product...

Read article


Enhancing skin tone and reversing the effects of ageing

Enhancing skin tone and reversing the effects of ageing It is only in recent times that researchers...

Read article


How to boost collagen production in skin

What is Collagen? Collagen is a major structural protein in the skin. It plays a key role in providing...

Read article


Alcohol as Solvent in DIY Skin Care Products

Alcohol is a generic name for organic chemical compounds usually obtained through fermentation. Despite...

Read article


Hyperpigmentation,Melasma, and Skin Color Explained

The enzyme tyrosinase converts the amino acid tyrosine into melanin in the skin. Hyperpigmentation can...

Read article


Improve skin tone and reverse the effects of aging

Latest developments in agents that improve skin tone and reverse the effects of aging Beauty, they say,...

Read article


Made in China - Getting to the Heart of the Matter

After getting a couple of emails about products manufactured in China, I wanted to take the time to write...

Read article


Exfoliating: Mild Chemical Exfoliating in Skin Care

Exfoliating is a cosmetic procedure that involves the removal of dead skin cells that accumulate in the...

Read article


Multi Lamellar Creams and Emulsions

Multi Lamellar Emulsions (MLE) The protective properties of our skin are determined by its complex biological...

Read article


Oat Beta Glucan Skin Care

Oat Beta Glucan Skin Care - Anti Wrinkle Skin Care and Skin Texture Improvements Oat beta glucan has...

Read article


UV Skin Damage - Photodamage and Photoaging

UV skin damage: Photodamage, photoaging and other ways in which the skin changes due to exposure to UV...

Read article


Skin Lightening Process and Pigmentation Formation

Pigmentation formation and skin lightening process Melanin is mainly responsible for skin pigmentation,...

Read article


Resveratrol – nature’s most powerful and potent anti-aging agent yet

The process of aging is one that man has battled with for a long time. A lot of research has been done...

Read article


Rosehip Oil and Vitamin A in Skin Care

Rosehip oil is widely recognized for the effects of the natural topical trans-retinoic acid (vitamin...

Read article


Silymarin Skin Health – Antioxidant & Anti-inflammatory

Silymarin Skin Health – Antioxidant, Anti-inflammatory, Skin Cancer Preventative In the world of skin...

Read article


Exfoliating Skin with Salicylic Acid

Salicylic acid - a beta hydroxy acid as anti-inflammatory, exfoliating, and anti acne active What is...

Read article


soy isoflavones skin benefits

Soy isoflavones skin benefits in anti aging skin care Research suggests that estrogen deficiencies...

Read article


Sunscreens With Vitamin A are Potentially Harmful for Skin

Sunscreens With Vitamin A are Potentially Harmful for Skin The impact of vitamin A on skin health has...

Read article


Antioxidants for sun damage protection (photoprotection)

How the skin naturally protects itself and the advantages of topical antioxidants for photoprotection The...

Read article

Ascorbyl Glucoside in Skin Care (AA2G, stable Vitamin C)

Ascorbyl Glucoside or AA2G is a derivative of vitamin C that has been biochemically modified to make...

Read article

Anhydrous C for skin care: L-ascorbic in silicone

Anhydrous C for skin care: absorption of L-ascorbic in a silicone base Anhydrous C is a skin care product...

Read article

Enhancing skin tone and reversing the effects of ageing

Enhancing skin tone and reversing the effects of ageing It is only in recent times that researchers...

Read article

How to boost collagen production in skin

What is Collagen? Collagen is a major structural protein in the skin. It plays a key role in providing...

Read article

Alcohol as Solvent in DIY Skin Care Products

Alcohol is a generic name for organic chemical compounds usually obtained through fermentation. Despite...

Read article

Hyperpigmentation,Melasma, and Skin Color Explained

The enzyme tyrosinase converts the amino acid tyrosine into melanin in the skin. Hyperpigmentation can...

Read article

Improve skin tone and reverse the effects of aging

Latest developments in agents that improve skin tone and reverse the effects of aging Beauty, they say,...

Read article

Made in China - Getting to the Heart of the Matter

After getting a couple of emails about products manufactured in China, I wanted to take the time to write...

Read article

Exfoliating: Mild Chemical Exfoliating in Skin Care

Exfoliating is a cosmetic procedure that involves the removal of dead skin cells that accumulate in the...

Read article

Multi Lamellar Creams and Emulsions

Multi Lamellar Emulsions (MLE) The protective properties of our skin are determined by its complex biological...

Read article

Oat Beta Glucan Skin Care

Oat Beta Glucan Skin Care - Anti Wrinkle Skin Care and Skin Texture Improvements Oat beta glucan has...

Read article

UV Skin Damage - Photodamage and Photoaging

UV skin damage: Photodamage, photoaging and other ways in which the skin changes due to exposure to UV...

Read article

Skin Lightening Process and Pigmentation Formation

Pigmentation formation and skin lightening process Melanin is mainly responsible for skin pigmentation,...

Read article

Resveratrol – nature’s most powerful and potent anti-aging agent yet

The process of aging is one that man has battled with for a long time. A lot of research has been done...

Read article

Rosehip Oil and Vitamin A in Skin Care

Rosehip oil is widely recognized for the effects of the natural topical trans-retinoic acid (vitamin...

Read article

Silymarin Skin Health – Antioxidant & Anti-inflammatory

Silymarin Skin Health – Antioxidant, Anti-inflammatory, Skin Cancer Preventative In the world of skin...

Read article

Exfoliating Skin with Salicylic Acid

Salicylic acid - a beta hydroxy acid as anti-inflammatory, exfoliating, and anti acne active What is...

Read article

soy isoflavones skin benefits

Soy isoflavones skin benefits in anti aging skin care Research suggests that estrogen deficiencies...

Read article

Sunscreens With Vitamin A are Potentially Harmful for Skin

Sunscreens With Vitamin A are Potentially Harmful for Skin The impact of vitamin A on skin health has...

Read article

Liposome Light Moisturizing Gel (oil free)

Liposome Light Moisturizing Gel (oil free) is a light, oil free gel with a liposome structure, formulated with Sclerotium Gum and Lipo 75% phosphatidylcholine. It has been formulated especially to be used as an excellent light moisturizer, perfect for hot climates; it can readily accept up to 10% oil; AND it can accept actives which have been pre-dissolved in either water or Propanediol. Due to Liposome Light Moisturizing Gel's lipsome structure (created with the almost prohibitively expensive Lipo 75% phosphatidylcholine), it can encapsulate actives. This will require sonification, which can be easily done at home with the use of a cheap sonic cleaner and regular stirring. Liposome Light Moisturizing Gel has been custom formulated and manufactured for BulkActives by the same company which produces our Seakelp Bioferment and Multi-Lamellar creams.
 
×
Product Code: BulkActives
Expiry date: January 18, 2018
Availability:
50g / 1.76oz - Options Out of Stock
500g / 17.64oz - Options Out of Stock
Price: $8.50


Available Options


* Weight:
(Stock: 0)
(Stock: 0)

    - OR -   Add to Wish List
Add to Compare
Did you find this somewhere else for less? Let us know and we'll match it! (conditions apply)
×
* Name:
* Email:
Telephone:
* Competitor link
* Competitor price
Message
Everyone can agree that finding the ideal moisturizing gel in the huge number of available commercial cosmetics is literally like finding a needle in the haystack – mission impossible. Even the simplest of them holds so many ingredients that makes their effect on skin questionable and also makes one wonder about possible side effects. In DIY cosmetics one can develop a perfect recipe for a moisturizing gel by using the best ingredients in the right number. However, perfecting and refining the recipe can take time. The best solution is to use a DIY moisturizing gel from a reliable and verified source. It saves both time and money and it offers access to premium ingredients that are mixed in a transparent recipe based on scientific proof and certified experience.
Liposome Light Moisturizing Gel (LLMG) is an excellent, highly compatible,oil free gel with a liposome structure custom formulated and manufactured by a company with great experience in natural active formulations. Its main ingredients are phosphatidycholine (Lipo 75%), sclerotium gel and glycerin. Besides its great moisturizing properties and a smooth and light texture, LLMG comes with a great versatility. It can be mixed up to 10% with both lipo-soluble substances (such as oils) and non-lipo-soluble active ingredients (previously dissolved in water or Propanediol). The gel can virtually transformed and personalized for any type of skin and skin problem, maintaining its moisturizing properties while delivering active ingredients with efficiency.
 
Liposomes are a revolutionary delivery mechanism developed in the past decades in order to enhance the delivery of active ingredients to the skin, especially its deeper layers. Bioavailability studies on targeted drug delivery showed that most of the time, active ingredients in topical formulations fail to reach the deeper layers of the dermis and hypodermis and implicitly the skin organelles located there. The main reason of the poor penetration of actives through the skin is the barrier function. The physical component of the barrier function, the lipid barrier, is a layer of sebaceous oils and fats that cover the skin surface, protecting it from external aggressors such as chemicals, pollution, viruses, bacteria and others.  Due to its fatty nature, the lipid barrier is hydrophobic, blocking aqueous solution from penetrating the skin and reach beyond stratum corneum – the first layer of keratinocytes. While it is more permissive to fatty formulations, the lipid barrier still affects the delivery of active ingredients affecting bioavailability on the targeted site. While alcohols and other surfactants can lower the barrier function and enhance permeability they also can harm the skin by causing rashes, allergic reactions and lowering the protection against external aggressors. That is why, in the previous years, research aimed to identify new methods that allow and enhance barrier penetration without affecting the barrier function [1]. 

Liposomes represented a immense breakthrough in the penetration enhancers field. Liposomes are vesicular carrier system that allows the delivery of active ingredients beyond the lipid barrier, to the deeper levels of the skin.  Liposome theory is based on the principle that any active ingredient can be efficiently delivered beyond stratum corneum through the active molecules are covered in a lipid (phospholipids are the most efficient) membrane. Simply put, the lipid vesicles containing actives behave like microscopic Trojan horses. The lipids in the vesicle membrane “speak” the same language as the lipids from the skin barrier, thus encountering to resistance when advancing to the deeper layers of the skin. Graphically put, liposomes are microscopic bubbles made out of phospholipids that can be produced to contain any type of active ingredient or drug that needs to be delivered to the skin [2]. Not only are liposomes excellent carriers for both hydrophilic and lipophilic molecules, but they can also be varied in size thus accommodating any type of molecule. Furthermore, liposomes also act as stabilizers by successfully encapsulating volatile or instable active ingredients. Studies have shown that liposomes also help in reducing skin irritation by sustaining the release of the drugs and active to the right location while hydrating and moisturizing the epidermis. Liposomes enable and enhance penetration to the dermis and hypodermis where the sebaceous glands and hair follicles are located being the ideal vehicles to deliver active ingredients meant to treat specific ailments such as acne or alopecia [3].
 

 


























Fig.1 Liposome vesicle carrier principle [3]
 
Liposome Light Moisturizing Gel (LLMG) has a liposomic structure. This means that it is not only a great moisturizer that goes beyond the stratum corneum cells but also that is an efficient vehicle for other active ingredients. Due to its composition and its vesicular system it can enhance penetration and ensure delivery to the deep layers of the skin.
                                                                                         
The main three ingredients of Liposome Light Moisturizing Gel (LLMG) are phosphatidycholine (Lipo 75%), sclerotium gel and glycerin.
 
Phosphatidycholine is one of the most effective and widely used phospholipids in obtaining liposomes.  Phosphatidylcholines are member of the lecithin group and a type of phospholipids that incorporate a salt called choline. Phosphatidylcholines are such an important part of the lecithin group that most of the times their names are used as synonyms. They are natural, ecologically safe, biodegradable and generally recognized as safe. Phosphatidylcholine (lecithin) is a key constituent of cell membranes and is usually obtained from natural sources. Lecithin, as phospholipids, has amphiphillic properties, meaning that they can easily dissolve both water-loving and fat-loving substances. Besides being one of the best liposome forming solutions, lecithin is also a potent emulsifier and stabiliser [4]. Clinical studies have shown that lecithin liposomes have very low acute and cumulative irritant potential [5]. Lecithin is also highly effective in repairs dry skin and treating dryness related conditions such as rashes and eczema.

Because it naturally occurs in the structure of biological membranes such as cell or organelles membranes phosphatidylcholine is highly compatible with the skin. By using it as a vesicle membrane that encloses an active molecule, safe passage through the stratum corneum to the dermis and even capillaries is attained. Phosphatidylcholine practically disguises the active ingredient by wrapping it in a lipid layer that is recognized by the skin barrier and allow to pass. The disguise is particularly effective when the active ingredient is water soluble. Because the lipid barrier is practically impermeable to water-based solutions using a liposomic vesicle delivery system is the perfect solution. The double phosphatidylcholine layers enclose the water-based solution allowing it to traverse the epidermis and reach the dermis.

The quality of the phosphatidylcholines is very important in obtaining efficient liposomes. Not only that using a high quality source for phosphatidylcholine ensures the optimum characteristics of the liposomes such as size and stability but it also guarantees the use of a clean, healthy ingredient that is highly compatible with the skin. The importance of the phospholipid used for liposome production can be compared to soap bubbles. You can produce bubbles using about any type of soap but the size and the lifespan of the bubbles highly depends of the quality of the soap. In the same manner, in order to obtain the best liposomal structure for skin delivery, a quality source must be used. Liposome Light Moisturizing Gel contains a premium, highly expensive source of phosphatidylcholine (Lipo 75%) thus ensuring that it delivers the best liposomal structure and efficient delivery of active ingredients.

Sclerotium gum is a natural jellifying agent obtained through fermentation from Sclerotium, which refers to a phase in the lifecycle of some parasitic fungi. The sclerotia has a very high content of active ingredients and extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). EPS are high molecular mass polysaccharides that have a key role in determining the extracellular environment in a tissue [6].  The specific polysaccharide in sclerotium gel is called scleroglucan. Due its polymerization the gum is able to form highly stable gels. When compared to other agents sclerotium gum proved superior as a stabilizer and more stable with temperature variation. It ranked highest in stability out of 140 polymers maintaining its viscosity at 90% after 500 days at 90 degrees [7]. When used in a topical formulation sclerotium gum enables the production of gels with various viscosities though polymerization. In this way, the content becomes homogenous and the active ingredients are evenly distributed in the mixture.

Scleroglucans are beta glucans which are actives with multiple benefits for the skin. Studies have shown that beta glucans have potent antioxidant properties and enhance penetration, moisture and contribute to an overall skin appearance and feeling [8]. Scleroglucan is also an immune modulator that enhances the production and activity of immunity cells. In vitro studies showed scleroglucan to be one the most potent anti-mutagen and anti-tumor agent amongst exo-polysaccharides. Also, in-vivo researched proved scleroglucan to be the most powerful beta-D-glucan when it comes to anti-microbial, anti-tumor, anti-neoplastic, and immune-stimulant activities [9].  In topical treatments the potent effects of scleroglucan are useful in preventing skin cell mutation and proliferation and also to support wound healing by macrophage activation. all these effects are useful in fighting keratocytes mutation and malignancy proliferation. [10]. Scleroglucan also acts as a support for the barrier function by stimulating and promoting lipid formation. Several studies have concluded that scleroglucan enhances the levels of ceramides and cholesterol in the skin and directly support the lipid barrier. As a beta glucan, it also prevents water loss through the epidermis thus acting like a prophylactic against dehydration, and skin dryness [11]. 

The third main ingredient Glycerine (Glycerol) is one of the most widely used moisturizing agents both commercial and DIY preparations. Glycerine is a simple sugar alcohol that contains three hydroxyl groups which are considered the main responsible for the hygroscopic (water retaining) nature. Glycerine is extensively used in cosmetic and pharmaceutical topical preparations especially as a humectant, moisturizer and as a carrier for other active ingredients. Because the structure of glycerine is the core of any triglyceride it has a very high compatibility with skin cells and the lipid barrier. The compatibility of glycerine with the human skin is so elevated that skin grafts are preserved using glycerine [12]. Glycerine is superior to the majority of humectants. In maintains and increases skin hydration through its hygroscopic action. Glycerine molecules attract water to the stratum corneum and even deeper, reducing TEWL (trans-epidermal water loss)[13]. With its high compatibility, great availability and moisturizing efficiency glycerine is the most used vehicle for actives delivery in pharmacological and cosmetic studies.

Studies have shown that glycerine has various actions of the on the epidermis including improvement of stratum corneum hydration, skin barrier function and skin mechanical properties, inhibition of the stratum corneum lipid phase transition, protection against irritating stimuli, and acceleration of wound-healing processes. Even an antimicrobial effect has been demonstrated. Topical application of glycerol-containing products improves skin properties in diseases characterized by xerosis and impaired epidermal barrier function, such as atopic dermatitis [14]. Other studies showed that comparing to water, paraffin oil and ethanol, glycerine is superior in the duration of its effects on the mechanics of the skin [15]. Furthermore, glycerine is effective in treating cosmetic induced excessive dryness, where chemical ingredients such as sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) can cause irritation and increased water loss.  In the treatment with the 10% of glycerine its action inhibited the SLS-induced elevation of TEWL and moderated the irritant-induced increase in dermal blood flow and in the number of leucocyte-endothelial interactions. All concentrations of glycerine improved hydration and prevented the accumulation of lymphocytes near the treatment site.  The expression of interleukin-1 beta and of tumour necrosis factor-alpha were significantly decreased by the 10% glycerol treatment [16].

Concluding, the Liposome Light Moisturizing Gel contains not one but three main ingredients with proved efficiency in increasing skin moisture, preventing excessive TEWL and protecting the lipid barrier. Even more, the gel can be used as a vesicle carrier for other active ingredients because the liposomes obtained by using high grade phosphatidylcholine will ensure their efficient delivery to the dermis. Incrementing oils or actives in the gel can easily be done with a simple sonic clearer and manual stirring, enabling DIY production of high quality liposome carrier system that can be customized to deliver the ideal combination of ingredients to the skin.
 
 
INCI: Water, Sclerotium Gum, Lecithin, Glycerin, Dermosoft 1388 (Glycerin, Aqua, Sodium Levulinate, Sodium Anisate), Potassium Sorbate, Citric Acid
Appearance:clear gel
Expiry: May 8, 2017
Period After Opening (POA): 3 months
pH: (20-25C) 5.2 (4.0 -7.0)
Preservatives:  Demosoft 1388, Potassium Sorbate
Demosoft 1388 is an Ecocert approved multi-functional ingredient with outstanding anti-microbial properties. The product’s active principle is a blend of compounds found in many plants in nature. In combination with plant derived glycerol contained in this skin friendly mixture a moisturizing effect can be created. Although extremely effective againt bacteria and mold, Dermosoft 1388 is not particularly strong against yeasts, we therefore added Potassium Sorbate to offer yeast protection.

Storage: Store in cool and dry place. In closed containers at temperature of 4°-20°C
Country of Origin: Taiwan
 
  1. Ceve G. Lipids vesicles and other colloids as drug carrier on the skin. Adv Drug Del Rev. 2004;56:675–711.
  2. Torchilin, V. (2005). Recent advances with liposomes as pharmaceutical carriers. Nature Reviews Drug Discovery, 4(2), pp.145-160.
  3. de Leeuw, J., de Vijlder, H., Bjerring, P. and Neumann, H. (2009). Liposomes in dermatology today. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 23(5), pp.505-516.
  4. Schaffer, T. (2007), Lechitin and phospholipids, the optimal choice for natural cosmetics, Euro Cosmetics, 9, pp.1-4 
  5. Dreher, F., Walde, P., Luisi, P. and Elsner, P. (1996). Human Skin Irritation Studies of a Lecithin Microemulsion Gel and of Lecithin Liposomes. Skin Pharmacol Physiol, 9(2), pp.124-129.
  6. Donlan, R. (2002). Biofilms: Microbial Life on Surfaces. Emerg. Infect. Dis., 8(9), pp.881-890.
  7. Brigand,G. (1993).Scleroglucan. Industrial Gums. Academic Press, New York, USA pp. 461–472.
  8. Survase, S.A. et al. (2007).Fermentative Production of Scleroglucan, Food Technol. Biotechnol. 45 (2) 107–118
  9. Chen J., Seviour R (2007). Medicinal importance of fungal β-(1→3),(1→6) glucans. Mycol. Res.111. pp.635–652.
  10. Delatte S.J., Evans J., Hebra A., Adamson W., Othersen H.B., Tagge E.P. (2001). Effectiveness of beta-glucan collagen for treatment of partial-thickness burns in children. Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 36. pp. 113-118
  11. Du B., Bian Z., and Xu B., (2014). Skin Health Promotion Effects of Natural Beta-Glucan Derived from Cereals and Microorganisms: A Review. Phytother. Res.28(2). pp. 159–166
  12. de Backere, A. (1994). Euro skin bank: large scale skin-banking in Europe based on glycerol-preservation of donor skin. Burns, 20, pp.S4-S9.
  13. Skintherapyletter.com, (2016). Moisturizers: What They Are And How They Work. [online] Available at: http://www.skintherapyletter.com/2001/6.13/2.html
  14. Fluhr, J., Darlenski, R. and Surber, C. (2008). Glycerol and the skin: holistic approach to its origin and functions. Br J Dermatol, 159(1), pp.23-34.
  15. Overgaard Olsen L, Jemec GB, The influence of water, glycerin, paraffin oil and ethanol on skin mechanics, Acta Dermato-Venerologica, [1993, 73(6):404-406]
  16. Szél, E., Polyánka, H., Szabó, K., Hartmann, P., Degovics, D., Balázs, B., Németh, I., Korponyai, C., Csányi, E., Kaszaki, J., Dikstein, S., Nagy, K., Kemény, L. and Erős, G. (2015). Anti-irritant and anti-inflammatory effects of glycerol and xylitol in sodium lauryl sulphate-induced acute irritation. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 29(12), pp.2333-2341.

Write a review

Your Name:


Your Review: Note: HTML is not translated!

Rating: Bad           Good

Enter the code in the box below:



(c) BulkActives 2005-2015