Supplier of: skin actives, cosmetic ingredients, cosmeceuticals, active ingredients, and skin care ingredients, for DIY skin care and cosmetics, and homemade skin care products.
Reviews
Carla, Many medications can be and are applied topically by prescription. With that in mind, realize that this particular ingredient is wonderful but understand that this is indeed one of those that may create sensitivity with those already using topical hormones or just use sparingly and see how you respond. Sorry for the very late response..... ...»
Angela
Im 45 years old; average looking skin for my age. Applied a small pea sized amount of Sea Kelp Bioferment to my face full strength in the am after washing my face of previous night makeup.; let face "dry". Then aplied my foundation as always. Noticed my thick, heavy foundation applied more easily and smooth. Keep in mind this is DAY TWO of me using this. TWO women at work ( separate departments) commented how wonderful my face looked! One specifically came up to me and asked what I was.. ...»
Jessie Sandford
Many thanks for the Silicone DM. This product is lovely quality; it is light, silky, and leaves no residue at all. I use it in the base recipe for a mouldable polymer that I then use to make a simulated 'Amber' for bead making. At the end of this process I have a silky, translucent polymer plus the most gorgeous hands in the studio ! My thanks again, Helen.. ...»
HELEN pEAKE
Very good product! Only been using it for a short time, its already made a difference. .. ...»
Bronwynne
muy satisfecho profesionales, y envio sin problemas ,ya que soy de españa producto bien envasado , un placer ser cliente porque dan comnfianza y calidad.gracias un saludo.. ...»
daniel
Wanting to try this, but.... Angela, what was that about effecting hormones? Could someone explain please..... ...»
Carla
I wished i could order this in a smaller amount of 50 gr. Can i get informed when it is available ? -------------------- A. It will not be sold in smaller amounts. The review rating is meant to be for the product, not the size in which it is sold :-(.. ...»
Diana
I am following the moisturizing cream + Zinc dispersion recipe and I am extremely satisfied. I do allow for a little time for it to absorb in & then I dab off anything that I feel looks a little white - but that's because I initially use a fairly thick coating on myself. I use a bit of foundation at times on top and there are no issues as far as weird colors or texture issues. I am so grateful for this entire website as a one-stop-shop for such effective skin care products, and now we can.. ...»
Peggy
Excellent quality, very fine texture and disperses easily when used correctly. Arrived in just seven days to London, England and with a reasonable postage fee. Very pleased... ...»
D N Bay
The best, most potent and most stable form of Vitamin C. Makes quite a difference to the appearance of mature, photo-damaged skin - don't expect results over night but with consistent use your skin will look more even and radiant!.. ...»
Judy
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increase cellular energy production

Increase cellular energy production in skin care

Each cell in the human body is as impressive and fascinating as a small universe. No matter its type, function or purpose, each cell will restlessly perform its role in the whole, and for this, every cell needs energy. The energy that powers the cell is adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and is exclusively produced by a cell component called mitochondria. Mitochondria, an organelle that has its own DNA, are literally power plants, responsible for producing the necessary energy for the cell that contains it and over 90% of the total body energy.  By being directly involved in the energy metabolism and production of ATP mitochondria is (up to 2000 times) more susceptible to have its DNA damaged by free radicals that are by-products of the ADP (adenosine diphosphate) - ATP process.  Once the DNA is damaged the mitochondria evolution is unpredictable: it can mutate and proliferate, lower production or it can shut down causing the containing cell apoptosis (for the cells with 1 or low numbers of mitochondria). No matter the direction, the cell metabolism is affected.

There are basically two ways that we can reduce the mitochondrial damage: either reducing the cell metabolism or boost the energy production. While reducing the mitochondrial metabolism is a very difficult mission that requires lowering the caloric intake and advanced nutrition knowledge with improbable and unpredictable results, boosting the mitochondrial activity can be done by the means of active ingredients with potent antioxidant properties. The antioxidants save and prolong the cell and implicitly the mitochondrial life by tackling and scavenging on the free radicals – the highly aggressive and ionized metabolism residual products.

The skin cell metabolism is affected not only by natural aging but by several other environmental aggressive factors such as UVR, pollution, chemicals, habitual – such as smoking and unhealthy diet or individual – certain acute or chronic disease. Regardless the categories these factors facilitate the apparition of free radicals and increase the exposure to mitochondrial damage and cell death.  It is a vicious cycle that starts with the damaged mitochondria producing less energy from ADP-ATP conversion, the cell being more weak and unprotected to aggressors and toxin accumulation that leads to even less energy being produced.  At a macro level this translates into aged, wrinkled, soggy and scaly looking skin, since fibroblasts in the dermis and keratinocytes in the epiderrmis - the main two constituents of the skin tissue – become impaired and implicitly produce less.  

Not only does the use of certain antioxidants reduce free radicals levels and counteract their effects but they also facilitate the replenishment and overstocking of ADP reserve and implicitly a higher potential for energy production. The main advantage for the skin is that the cell energy boosters can be topically administered, increasing the delivery rate [1][2][3][4].

Alpha Lipoic Acid (RS-ALA), the universal antioxidant - is a natural occurring animal cofactor that peaks into young adults but decreases with aging. It is best known for its antioxidant properties and traditionally used in OTC oral supplements due to its multi-system, multi-organ efficiency. It is perhaps one of the most potent antioxidants because unlike the majority of antioxidant actives that are either water-soluble or fat-soluble, RS-ALA is both. This means that it penetrates easy through the fat cellular walls and travel fast though its watery content – efficiently reaching the mitochondria where it can fight off free radicals that are endangering it. Studies have revealed that as a free radical scavenger, alpha lipoic acid is superior to vitamin C, vitamin E and their combinations. Another unique fact about RS-ALA is that it doesn’t become inactive once it donates an electron(-) to a free radical (+) to inactivate its activity but remains rather potent as an antioxidant and a key player in boosting other antioxidant molecule – such as coenzyme Q10, vitamin C, vitamin E – levels. [5][6][7].

Carnitine (L-Carnitine) is a natural occurring molecule in the animal tissue, including skin, vital for the glucose and fat metabolisms. At the dermal and epidermal levels is known to prevent DNA damage and boost repair by restoring the glycation processes balance. Carnitine is responsible for transporting rich fatty acids through the cell membrane and into the ATP medabolism.  L-Carnitine interacts with the mitochondrial activity by boosting its production and implicitly supporting extra-energy production which is vital, especially in healing impaired patients. For maximum results it is usually mixed with Vitamin C and/or E in topical treatments [8].

Coenzyme Q10 is a molecule naturally involved in energy metabolism in all human cells, being a key participant in the electron transport system that transforms ADP in ATP in the mitochondria. Among its many benefits the antioxidant properties stand out through their potency. With age, CoQ10 levels decrease and the energy production mechanism is slowed, but fortunately additional coenzyme can be supplied by oral and topical supplementation. Coenzyme Q10 is not only involved in the ATP production but also a strong antioxidant that protects the mitochondrial membrane, its DNA and the transport chain by fighting harmful free radicals. It also supports antioxidants regeneration, especially vitamin E.  In skin particularly, CoQ10 has another positive effect by being one of the few active molecules that repel the A spectrum of the UVR radiation and thus, preventing the generation of ROS (reactive oxygen species) that are highly aggressive for the cell and its components [9][10].

Creatine (creatine pyruvate) is a molecule synthesized naturally in the human involved in regulating and maintaining energy levels and flow inside the cell. The pyruvate, a more stable and soluble form of creatine has become extensively used in DIY cosmetic especially for its antioxidant properties.  Creatine is an actor both UV damage protection and in protecting the cellular structures (especially mitochondria) from. Essentially, creatine is an indirect antioxidant, because it doesn’t counteract free radicals and ROS itself but protects the antioxidants and enzymes that do. Since its main role as a protector, creatine pyruvate is exposed to oxidant damage that is why, in DIY recipes, association with powerful antioxidants such as CoQ10, Vitamins E and C is recommended [11][12].

Idebenone is a bioengineered active ingredient with identical structure as Coenzime Q10 can successfully replace its role in topical treatments, having the advantage of considerable higher availability and better solubility. Similar to CoQ10, idebenone is directly involved in the mitochondrial metabolism, prevents and fights oxidation processes and helps maintain a healthy young skin by preventing premature cell aging and apoptosis [13].

Lactic Acid (Alpha Hydroxy Acid) is another natural active extensively used in dermatology for its multiple properties such as extracellular matrix components booster, supports ceramides and lipids production, treats hyperpigmentation, mantain and protects barrier function and its acidic ph, exfoliates. Lactic acid naturally occurs in the human body as a by-product in the Krebs cycle – the energy producing metabolism. Even though stable, it is versatile because it can be transformed forward and powers the energy production or back and become a potential energy deposit. Combined with insoluble active ingredients it produces lactates that keep the active properties but become soluble and easily incorporable into a topical mixtures. Its acidic ph is also useful in maintaining the acidic skin barrier – an invisible active boundary that repels viruses and bacteria [14].

Out of all the organs and systems of the human body, skin is one of the most exposed to environmental and behavioural aggressive factors making it susceptible to premature aging due to lowered energy production. In order to maintain a young, healthy skin, regular care is required. DIY cosmetic provides the opportunity to mix top quality active ingredients with the perfect vehicle, creating an individual solution, ideal for each skin. Including a cell energy booster and antioxidants along other active ingredients is recommended on a daily basis for a vital, healthy and resistant skin.
 

 References:

[1] N.R. Pace, “The universal nature of biochemistry”, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 98, pp: 805–808, 2011 8. 
[2]  M. Smith “Universality in intermediary metabolism”, Proc Natl Acad Sci USA ,101, pp: 13168–13173, 2004
[3] O. Ebenhöh, R. Heinrich, “Evolutionary optimization of metabolic pathways. Theoretical reconstruction of the stoichiometry of ATP and NADH producing systems", Bull Math Biol, 63, pp: 21–55, 2001
[4] E. Proksch, J.M.  Brandner , J.M. Jensen, "The skin: an indispensable barrier", Exp Dermatol, 17, pp:1063–1072, 2008
[5]   K. P. Shay, R. F. Moreau, E. J. Smith, A. R. Smith, and T. M. Hagen, “Alpha-lipoic acid as a dietary supplement: Molecular mechanisms and therapeutic potential,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta BBA - Gen. Subj.,1790 ,10, pp. 1149–1160,2009.
[6] S. Park, U. Karunakaran, N. H. Jeoung, J.-H. Jeon, and I.-K. Lee, “Physiological effect and therapeutic application of alpha lipoic acid,” Curr. Med. Chem.,21, pp. 3636–3645, 2014.
[7]  K. Petersen Shay, R. F. Moreau, E. J. Smith, and T. M. Hagen, “Is alpha-lipoic acid a scavenger of reactive oxygen species in vivo? Evidence for its initiation of stress signaling pathways that promote endogenous antioxidant capacity,” IUBMB Life, 60, pp. 362–367, 2008.
[8]   L. Gennero, R. De Siena, T. Denysenko, M. A. Roos, G. F. Calisti, M. Martano, S. Fiobellot, M. Panzone, S. Reguzzi, L. Gabetti, A. Vercelli, G. Cavallo, E. Ricci, and G. P. Pescarmona, “A novel composition for in vitro and in vivo regeneration of skin and connective tissues,” Cell Biochem. Funct., 29, pp. 311–333, 2011.
[9] G. P. Littarru and L. Tiano, “Bioenergetic and antioxidant properties of coenzyme Q10: recent developments,” Mol. Biotechnol., 37, pp. 31–37, 2007.
[10] J. Garrido-Maraver, M. D. Cordero, M. Oropesa-Ávila, A. Fernández Vega, M. de la Mata, A. Delgado Pavón, M. de Miguel, C. Pérez Calero, M. Villanueva Paz, D. Cotán, and J. A. Sánchez-Alcázar, “Coenzyme Q10 Therapy,” Mol. Syndromol., 5, pp. 187–197, 2014.
[11]   B. Gualano, H. Roschel, A. H. Lancha-Jr, C. E. Brightbill, and E. S. Rawson, “In sickness and in health: the widespread application of creatine supplementation,” Amino Acids, 43, pp. 519–529, 2012.
[12]  D. Maes, D. Collins, L. Declercq, R. Foyouzi-Yousseffi, D. Gan, T. Mammone, E. Pelle, K. Marenus, and H. Gedeon, “Improving cellular function through modulation of energy metabolism,” Int. J. Cosmet. Sci., 26, pp. 268–269, 2004.
[13] M. Gold, MD, J. Biron, J. DiNardo, J. Lewis II, “Rapid Improvement of Photodamage by a Novel Anti-Aging Formulation”, The Dermatologist, 20,2012
[14] W. Smith, “Comparative effectiveness of α‐hydroxy acids on skin properties”, International journal of cosmetic science, 18, pp:75-83, 1996
 

Read more here: Mechanisms of Aging: Mitochondrial Burnout, By Dr. Todorov, SmartSkincare.com

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Alpha Lipoic Acid (RS-ALA)

Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) is a naturally occurring antioxidant that also shows numerous attractive features for use in cosmetic skin care. It is known as a dietary supplement for a long time, but recent research suggests it may be more effective through other applications, such as skin creams. ALA neutralizes free radicals, thus helping to fight ageing and cancer. It is more effective in combating free radicals than common vitamins, such as vitamin C or E, hence lipoic acid is called the “universal antioxidant”. In skin care, ALA was also shown to promote wound healing, treat and prevent diabetic ulcers. Cosmetics research suggests that ALA can promote collagen synthesis, thus reducing the visible effects of ageing on skin, and improving the appearance without any noticeable side effects. Alpha Lipoic Acid is a key active ingredient in Perricone MD products

Key benefits of Alpha Lipoic Acid in skin care:

  • Antioxidant [1] [2] [5] [7] [8]
  • Anti-inflammatory [5] [7]
  • Stimulate collagen production [14]
  • Reduce fine lines and wrinkles [16] [15]
  • Sun damage protection [17] [19]
  • Sun damage repair [1] [2] [5] [7] [8] [16] [15]
  • Wound healing support [10] [11] [12]

 
$6.70
Carnitine (L-Carnitine)

Carnitine is a naturally occurring substance, necessary for fat and glucose metabolism in human body cells. Primary function of carnitine in pharmacy is the reduction of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). AGEs are proteins, damaged by reactions with sugars, therefore glycation is most prominent in diabetes patients. It also occurs in many other diseases, as well as natural ageing processes. Dermal carnitine applications reduce the level of glycated collagen and promote synthesis of new protein. Since it is involved in lipid metabolism, carnitine is used for acne treatment. It effectively reduces sebum secretion and skin oiliness. Carnitine preparations also improve other aspects of the skin, such as tonicity, and reduce cellulite. Finally, it aids skin regeneration after damage, such as burns, and promotes blood vessel formation.  Regretably, due to Candian law and PayPal regulations, this product may NOT be shipped to Canada.

Key beneftis of Carnitine in skin care:

  • Oil/sebum control [4] [5]
  • Glycation inhibition and repair [1] [3]
  • Increase cellular energy production [1] [3]
  • Anti-acne [5]
  • Restore barrier function [6] [7]
  • Wound-healing support [8]
$6.60
CoQ10 (CoEnzyme Q10)

Coenzyme Q10 is a molecule naturally involved in energy metabolism in all human cells. Among its many benefits, the antioxidant properties are the most researched. This molecule can prevent oxidation damage to water-insoluble molecules, DNA mutations, collagen synthesis decrease, pigmentation, inflammation and other adverse effects associated with UV exposure and ageing. In combination with vitamin E or other antioxidants, an exceedingly strong antioxidative effect can be achieved. Furthermore, coenzyme Q10 has a unique capability to protect against infrared A radiation, which is also found in sunlight. The promotion of collagen synthesis makes this coenzyme useful in treating ageing-associated skin changes, such as wrinkle appearance. Finally, its anti-inflammatory effect is beneficial not only for UV-damaged skin, but also for wound healing support.

Key benefits of Coenzyme Q10 in skin care:

  • Sun damage protection [5] [7] [9]
  • Antioxidant [1] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
  • Increase cellular energy production [15]
  • Stimulate collagen production [5] [8] [10] [13]
  • Lightening & brightening [10]
  • Sun damage repair [5] [7] [8]
  • Reduce fine lines & wrinkles [5] [11]
  • Wound healing support [13]
  • Anti-inflammatory [6] [10] [12] [13]
$9.00
Creatine Pyruvate
Creatine is a molecule synthesized naturally in the human body. It is most important in tissues where energy-requiring activities occur, as it is involved in maintaining constant energy flow inside the cell.  It was show to protect skin from degeneration during ageing: creatine activates collagen synthesis, in this way decreasing the amount of wrinkles, and restoring skin firmness, smoothness and elasticity. Cheek sagging can also be reduced by applying creatine-containing cream. Another important benefit of creatine is UV damage protection, as it helps to protect cellular structures (especially mitochondria) from oxidative stress and mutations. Furthermore, creatine-treated skin was shown to regenerate faster. However, to protect creatine itself, pairing with coenzyme Q10 or other antioxidants is advised.

Key benefits of Creatine in skin care:

  • Sun damage protection [6] [7] [8] [9]
  • Sun damage repair [6] [7]
  • Increase cellular energy production [1] [3] [7]
  • Increase skin elasticity  [6]
  • Reduce fine lines and wrinkles [2] [6]
  • Stimulate collagen production [2] [4]
$5.30
Idebenone
Idebenone has qualities that make it a good choice as an antioxidant. Idebenone also promotes cellular energy production. Since it is closely related to CoQ10 it may be used as replacement for CoQ10 in many recipes. Active ingredient in Prevage, MD™ line.

Key benefits of Idebenone in skin care: 

  • antioxidant
  • cellular energy production
  • sun damage repair
$0.00
Lactic Acid -L(+) (Alpha Hydroxy Acid)
Alpha hydroxyl acids [AHAs] such as lactic acid have been used traditionally to improve the feel and complexion of the skin.  While glycolic acid has been the conventional AHA used in skin care products, lactic acid has ranked even with or outperformed lactic acid in every category and is the only AHA to maintain such success over the course of twenty-two weeks.  Lactic acid is a known exfoliant which can slough off dull skin to leave a brighter complexion.  It can also increase the synthesis of lipids and ceramides, thereby fortifying the skin barrier function and reducing water loss.  Further, lactic acid is correlated to increased hyaluronic acid and collagen synthesis, resulting in skin that is more hydrated, softer and firmer, and with fewer fine lines and wrinkles.  Topical application of lactic acid also can reduce the synthesis of melanin and decrease the appearance of hyperpigmentation or age spots.  Incorporation of lactic acid in skin care products can lighten and brighten skin while improving dermal health and reducing the appearance of photoaging.

Key benefits of Lactic acid in skin care:

  • Capillary health [10], [12]
  • Increase skin elasticity [1] [2] [8] [9]
  • Lightening & brightening [1] [2] [4]  [9]  [11]
  • Moisturizing and hydration [6] [7]
  • Reduce fine lines and wrinkles [1] [2] [8] [9]
  • Restoring barrier function [5] [6] [7]
  • Stimulate collagen production [9]
  • Stimulate HA production [8] [9]
  • Sun damage repair [1] [2] [8] [9]
  • Treat hyperpigmentation [2] [9]
$5.10
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